102 TAI GROUP.
It will tttus not surprise us to find that, in Ahom, there are many exceptions to the
general rules which will here be laid down We have already seen that the most typical
rule of all, ms, that the genitive and the adjective follow the noun on which they are
dependent, has no few exceptions in the specimens, especially in the case of pronouns.
In a simple sentence, thu order is subjectj complement, copula.
Subject Complement Copula
Thus i-u sho-Mtam man ii-koi
this complaint false has-been, this complaint is false
Similarly with an intransitive verb we have,
this son was-dead.
If with such verbs there are used other words implying an adverbial relation, thest
precede the verb and follow the subject Tims,
Subject Advaib Copula
phu-ai hik-man nd-din slim u-koi
The elder son field in was, the elder son was in the field.
Subject Adverb Veib
jao-mm-Jco run dk via
the-father house outside came, the father came outside the house.
"With transitive verbs, the usual order is subject, direct object, verb. Thus,
Subject. Direct Object. Verb
luk ngl joun mung jau ,khau-u-koi
son younger beyond country far entered-has, the younger son entered a
Subject. Direct Object Verb.
mdn-ko tang kfir&ng-lwg tak-lu, tdk-$dng} Mn-j(W-o
He all property diminished, spent, eaten-had,
he had diminished, spent and eaten all the property.
In one case, a pronoun in apposition to the subject is inserted between the verb and
its tense suffix, vw.t
Subject Direct Object Verb.
Itun-phu-lung luk-mdn sMng-Mn dai-mdn-jau
man-a son two possess-he-did, a man possessed two sons.
Sometimes, when the object is a complex one, the verb is inserted immediately
after its principal member. Thus,
Subject Direct Object Verb Direct Object.
mdn-ko lung ngin Ut-mun
He scm*d heard (of) merriment rejoicing dancing and,
he heard the sound of merriment, rejoicing, and dancing.
When an adverb qualifies such a verb, it appears to come between the verb and its
Subject Direct Object. Verb. Adveib Suffix
mdn-ko man dai IcJmn-dl JcoL
He h get alive-well did, he got him alive and well.
Here, however, what we, under the influence of Aryan grammar, are compelled to call an